Thursday, 19 May 2011

Islamabad Pakistan

Islamabad

About this sound Islamabad (Urdu: اسلام آباد; Islām ābād, lit. Abode of Islam) is the capital of Pakistan and the tenth largest city in the country. The population of the city has increased from 100,000 in 1951[2] to 1.21 million in 2009.[3][4] The Rawalpindi/Islamabad Metropolitan Area is the third largest in Pakistan with a population of over 4.5 million inhabitants.[5]
Islamabad is located in the Pothohar Plateau in the north of the country, within the Islamabad Capital Territory. The region has historically been a part of the crossroads of Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa with Margalla pass acting as the gateway between the two regions.[6] The city was built during the 1960s to replace Karachi as Pakistan's capital.
Islamabad is a well-organized city divided into different sectors and zones. It was ranked as a Gamma world city in 2008.[7] The city is home to Faisal Mosque, the largest mosque in South Asia and the sixth largest mosque in the world.
Islamabad has the highest literacy rate in Pakistan[8] and is home to the some of the top ranked universities in Pakistan, including Quaid-i-Azam University, Pakistan Institute of Engineering & Applied Sciences and the National University of Sciences and Technology.[9] Allama Iqbal Open University in Islamabad is one of the world's largest universities by enrollment.

History

Early history

Islamabad Capital Territory, located on the Pothohar Plateau, is regarded to be one of the earliest sites of human settlement in Asia.[11] Some of the earliest Stone Age artifacts in the world have been found on the plateau, dating from 100,000 to 500,000 years ago. The crude stones recovered from the terraces of the Soan River testify to the endeavours of early man in the inter-glacial period.[12] Items of pottery and utensils dating back to prehistory have been found.[13]
Excavations have revealed evidence of a prehistoric culture. Relics and human skulls have been found dating back to 5000 BC that show this region was home to Neolithic people who settled on the banks of the Swaan River.[11] The Neolithic people developed small communities in the region at around 3000 BC.[12][14] A Buddhist town once existed in the region.[15]
Situated at one end of the Indus Valley Civilization, the area was the first habitation of the Aryan community in Central Asia.[11] Their civilization flourished here between the 23rd and 18th centuries BC. Many great armies such as those of Alexander the Great, Genghis Khan, Timur and Ahmad Shah Durrani used the corridor through Islamabad on their way to invade the Indian Subcontinent.[11] Modern Islamabad is based on the old settlement known as Saidpur. The British took control of the region from the Sikhs in 1849 and built Asia's largest cantonment in the region.

Construction and Development

 

When Pakistan gained independence in 1947, Karachi was its first capital. In 1960, Islamabad was constructed as a forward capital for several reasons. Traditionally, development in Pakistan was focused on the colonial centre of Karachi, and President Ayub Khan wanted it to be equally distributed. Moreover, Karachi was located at one end of the country, making it vulnerable to attacks from the Arabian Sea. A capital which was easily accessible from all parts of the country was needed. The newly selected location of Islamabad was closer to army headquarters in Rawalpindi and the disputed territory of Kashmir in the North.[11]
In 1958, a commission was constituted to select a suitable site for the national capital with particular emphasis on location, climate, logistics, and defence requirements along with other attributes. After extensive study, research, and a thorough review of potential sites, the commission recommended the area northeast of Rawalpindi. A Greek firm of architects, Konstantinos Apostolos Doxiadis, designed the master plan of the city which was based on a grid plan and triangular in shape, with its apex towards the Margalla Hills.[16] The capital was not moved directly from Karachi to Islamabad; it was first shifted temporarily to Rawalpindi and then to Islamabad when the development was completed.
 President House
The president house in Islamabad is located in Pakistan, president house is in the center of Islamabad, Pakistan's president Asif Ali Zardari live there in these days. It has very unique and amazing staff. Many Galleries, Rooms, halls and criteria as well. All the ministers of Pakistan's government enjoy it benefits.










 PRIME MINSTRE HOUSE ISLAMABAD



 MAP OF ISLAMABAD


 PARLIMENT HOUSE ISLAMABAD

 SERENA HOTEL ISLAMABAD


Climate

Islamabad features an atypical version of a humid subtropical climate, with hot, humid summers accompanied by a monsoon season followed by mild and wet winters. The hottest months are from May to July, where average highs routinely exceed 38 °C (100.4 °F). The monsoon season is from July through September, with heavy rainfalls and evening thunderstorms. Highest monthly rainfall of 743.3 millimetres (29.26 in) was recorded during the month of July 1995.[25] Winters are from October to March with temperatures variable by location, generally with dense fog in the mornings and sunny afternoons. In the city, temperatures stay mild to warm, with sparse snowfall over the highest elevations points on the Margalla Hills. The weather ranges from 15 °C (59.0 °F) in January to 37 °C (98.6 °F) in June.[26] The highest temperature recorded was 45 °C (113.0 °F) on June 23, 2005[25] while the lowest temperature was −6 °C (21.2 °F) on January 17, 1967.[25][27] On 23 July 2001, Islamabad received a record breaking 620 millimetres (24 in) of rainfall in just 10 hours. It was the heaviest rainfall in Islamabad in the past 100 years and the highest rainfall in 24 hours as we

New Islamabad International Airport

The New Islamabad International Airport (to be named Gandhara International Airport after completion) is a 3,600-acre (15 km2) international airport that is being built to serve the twin cites of Islamabad Capital Territory and city of Rawalpindi as well including other nearby districts of the Punjab Province. This airport will replace the existing one located in Rawalpindi. This new airport is located in Fateh Jang Tehsil of Attock District of Punjab Province, which is 30 km south-west of Islamabad Capital Territory. Construction of the airport began in April 2007, after a decade long postponement. It is expected to be completed and operational by 2012-2013. It will then take all the commercial flights that are currently operating out of the Islamabad International Airport.

Points of interest

1 comment:

  1. Nice post i really appreciate your blog and i would like to say i am taking flights to Islamabad with my family kindly suggest me any stunning place to visit.

    ReplyDelete